Evergreen Essentials: Tips For Trimming, Watering, And Fertilizing

Evergreen trees are essential to many landscaping designs because they provide year-round greenery and visual interest. However, like any other landscaping trees, evergreens need to be trimmed and maintained to keep them healthy and looking their best. 

Here are some tips on how to trim and maintain evergreen trees:

  1. Choose the right time: Trim evergreen trees during the dormant season in late winter or early spring. This is when the trees are not actively growing and are much less susceptible to stress. Avoid trimming evergreens during the growing season, as this can cause new growth to be damaged or removed.

  2. Use the right tools: For small evergreen trees, hand pruners and hedge shears are sufficient. For larger trees, you will need a pruning or pole saw. Always use sharp, clean tools to avoid unnecessarily damaging the tree.

  3. Remove dead or damaged branches: They should be removed as they can harbor pests and diseases that can spread to other parts of the tree. Look for branches that are diseased, broken, or rubbing against other branches. These should be trimmed back to the nearest healthy growth.

  4. Thin out the canopy: Evergreen trees can become overgrown and dense, leading to problems such as poor air circulation and weak branches. To improve the tree's health, thin out the canopy by removing a few select branches. Thinning the canopy allows more light to reach the tree's interior and improves its overall shape.

  5. Shape the tree: Trimming the tree into a desired shape will improve its health and make it more attractive. To shape an evergreen tree, remove branches growing in the wrong direction or too long. Then, prune other branches to create a balanced and symmetrical shape.

  6. Mulch and water: After trimming, it is essential to mulch around the tree's base to suppress weeds and retain moisture. Use a layer of mulch a few inches thick and be careful not to pile it directly against the tree trunk. Water the tree monthly during the hot, dry summer to keep it hydrated and healthy.

  7. Fertilize: Evergreen trees benefit from fertilization, especially if they are young or new transplants. Avoid over-fertilizing, as this will cause excessive growth and make the tree more vulnerable to pests and diseases. Use a balanced, slow-release fertilizer following the manufacturer's instructions.

By following these tips, you can effectively trim and maintain your evergreen trees, keeping them healthy and looking their best. Regular trimming and maintenance not only improve the appearance of your evergreen trees but will also extend their lifespan and prevent disease and pest problems.

For more information on tree trimming, contact a local tree service such as Schulhoff Tree & Lawn Care, Inc.